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What is Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells. This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body, leading to the symptoms of MS. They can include visual disturbances, muscle weakness, trouble with coordination and balance, sensations such as numbness, prickling, or “pins and needles”, and thinking and memory problems. No one knows what causes MS. It may be an autoimmune disease, which happens when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Multiple sclerosis affects women more than men. It often begins between the ages of 20 and 40. Usually, the disease is mild, but some people lose the ability to write, speak, or walk. There is no single test for MS. Doctors use a medical history, physical exam, neurological exam, MRI, and other tests to diagnose it. There is no cure for MS, but medicines may slow it down and help control symptoms. Physical and occupational therapy may also help.

Related Resources

Am The Personal Story Of A Mom Of Twins Diagnosed With M S

The Personal Story of a Mom of Twins Diagnosed with M.S.

In 2006 when my twins were five months old, I was diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (M.S.). I was/am still able to drive...
Depositphotos S

A Mom with MS: Keep on Moving

Four years ago, I was at the top of my game.  I was participating in Ironman Triathlon events, getting my master’s degree, and...

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Related Autoimmune Patient Groups

National Multiple Sclerosis Society
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
National Sleep Foundation
National Sleep Foundation

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